The Inca Jungle trek to Machu Picchu is by far the most adventurous trekking option in the Cusco region. It is also the most varied in terms of activities.
The ‘trek’ includes a massive downhill mountain biking experience, followed by possible river rafting on Grade III and IV rapids, jungle trekking, and optional zip-lining. It culminates with a visit to Machu Picchu.
Most trekking companies offer the Inca Jungle trek on a 4D/3N itinerary, although it is possible to complete the trek on a 3D/2N itinerary (more on this below). Accommodation on the trek is in hostel or home-stays, with a night in a hotel in Aguas Calientes.
The trek naturally appears to adventurous types who like thrilling adrenaline-filled experiences.
If you are looking for a pure Andean trekking experience, hate mountain biking and enjoying camping, then this trek is not for you. Rather check out these alternative treks to Machu Picchu or indeed, the Classic Inca Trail.
Below we have provided detailed information on the Inca Jungle trail itinerary and its route map. We have also provided guidance on the best time for this trek, acclimatisation and altitude sickness, best tour operators, and equipment packing lists.
Inca Jungle Route
Options and Maps
The Inca Jungle trek is usually completed on a 4 Day / 3 Night itinerary. The itinerary set out below is the most common; however you may see subtle variations from tour company to tour company.
The 3 Day / 2 Night itinerary skips the trekking option between Santa Maria and Santa Theresa on day 2, and instead uses car transport to take trekkers direct to Santa Theresa where zip-lining can be tried before continuing to Aguas Calientes.
Day 1: Cusco – Abra Malaga Pass – Santa Maria
The Inca Jungle trek starts with a 3-4 hour drive to the top of the impressive Abra Malaga Pass (4,316m).
Most tour operators will either pick you up at your hotel in Cusco, or you will be asked to meet at the offices of the tour agent for collection. Departure times vary but you will usually be on the road by 07:00.
The drive heads north out of Cusco (3,400m), and passes through the town of Chinchero before dropping into the Sacred Valley where you will get your first glimpses of the Cordillera Urubamba (prepared to be impressed).
You will cross the Urabamba River into the town of the same name and continue onwards to Ollantaytambo (2,792m). Some tour operators might stop here for breakfast before continuing onwards and upwards along a very impressive and winding road to the top of the Abra Malaga Pass.
This is the highest point on the trek (4,316m) and provides incredible vistas down into the highlands (see pics below).
You will disembark at the top of the Pass and start gearing up for one of the most exciting cycles of your life. The route from the top of Malaga Pass to the final destination is all downhill – 4,316m to 1,196m descent – and just under 60km in distance. Most people take 4-5 hours to cycle this section.
The ride is not very strenuous, in fact you can free-wheel most of the way and will use the brakes more than the pedals; however, the route is very windy which can make it a little dangerous, particularly because there are many blind corners and the cars on the route (which are few and far between) drive like maniacs!
Make sure your tour company provide high visibility vests, reliable mountain bikes and protective gear like a full cover helmet and potentially body-gear (this might be over-kill for some people).
A back up vehicle usually drives in front of you and if you get tired or wish to stop, you can jump in the car (this offer is not the available with all tour companies).
You will stop to have lunch en route and arrive at Santa Maria (1,196m) mid-to-late afternoon. If there is time and the season is right (typically October-April) you can go river rafting.
This is an optional extra offered by some tour operators, and is sometimes charged separately. The cost is around US$50 per person.
Note: visibility is sometime very poor on the Abra Malaga Pass. If there is heavy fog your tour company will likely cancel the cycling excursion and instead drive you direct to Santa Maria.
Day 2: Santa Maria – Santa Theresa
After an overnight stay in Santa Maria, which is usually organised with a local hostel (set your expectations low with most hostels), is followed with an early breakfast. Today is a relatively big trekking day in terms of distance (~15km), but all at low altitude.
The trek begins with a steep and strenuous climb that gradually flattens, before continuing through a number of undulating trails, one of which is an authentic Inca trail.
The scenery is vegetatively lush as you are in fact in the Jungle region of the Cusco region. Remember to wear insect repellent, and look out for nasty little sand flies that leave bites that can last for weeks.
On the trail you will see coca, coffee and various fruit tree plantations – everything grows in the Jungle! After lunch and 6-7 hours trekking you will reach Cocalmayo, an area known for it’s hot springs.
Most trekkers stop here for a dip so do remember to have your bathing suit at hand (see packing list below). From the hot springs the walk to your hostel at Santa Theresa (1,550m) is only 30 minutes.
Day 3: Santa Theresa – Hydroelectric Station – Aguas Calientes
On day-3, adrenaline junkies can try their hand at zip-lining.
The zip-lining option is sometimes included as an optional extra on tour packages, make sure you check if zip-lining is included in your tour price when you book.
If it is an optional extra the cost is around US$40 and includes transport to the zip-lines and 3-5 zips, the highest of which is 150m above the ground. Here’s a YouTube video from a previous trekker.
After zip-lining you will continue trekking for 2-3 hours to the Hydro-electic station, before either continuing along the railway treks for another 2 hours to the town of Aguas Calientes, or if you are tired you can catch a train to Aguas Calientes from the Hydro-electric station (approx. 45 minutes, cost: ~US$25!).
Trekkers not interested in zip-lining will start this trek first thing in the morning or wait in Santa Theresa until zip-liners have finished their airborne excursion.
Day 4: Aguas Calientes – Machu Picchu – Cusco
Day-4 usually starts with an early wake-up call from your hotel reception so you can catch one of the first buses up to Machu Picchu. Buses start running at 05:30 and take 30 minutes to reach Machu Picchu, which opens at 06:00.
If you are trekking during the peak season (May-September) expect the queue for buses to start before 05:00. If you decide to get up early it is likely because you are keen to see sunrise from the Sun Gate (Inti Punku) which is a good 40-60 minute walk up a gradual slope from the Citadel.
After arriving at Machu Picchu early (super early if you went for sun rise), you will the be give a 2-3 hour tour of the Citadel.
These tours are typically arranged by your tour company but you can get a tour guide outside the entrance of Machu Picchu.
Certified guides will have a card around their necks. Prices vary by number of visitors in your group and can be negotiated.
Expect to pay around 40-50 Soles per person if there are 2 or more of you, 80-100 Soles if it is just you.
It is well worth climbing Huayna Picchu if you still have the energy and are not afraid of heights.
The climb is steep and strenuous, and takes the average trekker about an hour to reach the summit.
The views from the top are awesome and well worth the effort. There are only 400 climbing permits a day so you need to book early.
Here is a detailed guidance article on climbing Huayna Picchu and the other mountains that surround Machu Picchu.
After visiting Machu Picchu you will need to get a bus back to Aguas Calientes in time for your train journey to Ollantaytambo. Most tour operators organise this train journey for you, and also provide a bus / private car to transport you from Ollantaytambo to Cusco.
If you are not using a tour company and are on a tight budget, it is possible to get a bus from the Hydro-electic Station to Cusco via Santa Theresa and Ollantaytambo, but this is a lot longer route. See our article on how to get to and back from Machu Picchu here.
Inca Jungle Trek Route Map
The Inca Jungle trek map below illustrates the route from Cusco through the Sacred Valley to Abra Malaga. From here trekkers cycle to Santa Maria, and then trek to Aguas Calientes via Santa Theresa.
Best Time for an Inca Jungle Trek
There are two main seasons in the sub-tropical Peruvian Andes – a dry season which runs from May through to September, and a wet season from October to April.
The Inca Jungle trek can be completed all year round, however, heavy rains during January and February often lead to landslides on the trail and road that connect Santa Maria with Santa Theresa and hence the Inca Jungle trek is often closed during this time of the year.
The best time to do an Inca Jungle trek is either during the dry season, or on the dry season shoulder months of March / April and October / November. The latter shoulder months are particularly good if you are keen to do some rafting in Santa Maria.
The trail is busier during the dry season, but nowhere near as busy as the Classic Inca Trail.
Temperatures are fairly consistent all year round, with warm days reaching into the high 20s (Celsius). Nights and early mornings are cold (in the single digits and sometimes drop below zero degrees, especially in the dry season).
You will want to bring layered trekking clothing so that you can layer up or down as the daily temperatures fluctuate (see packing list below for details on layering).
Finally, micro-climates are the dominant weather force in the Andes. Make sure to bring some wet weather gear, like a basic poncho, as it is possible to encounter rain at anytime in the year.
For interesting historical weather charts of Machu Picchu, check out this article.
Acclimatisation and Altitude Sickness
The Inca Jungle trail is technically a high altitude trek, although the amount of time you spend at altitude is in fact very short.
The highest altitude you will reach is Abra Malaga Pass at just over 4,300m. From this point you descend relatively quickly, as you are cycling, and end the day at a rather low altitude for the Andes, just under 1,200m.
For the rest of the tour the trail undulates, but never goes higher than 2,000m. Machu Picchu itself sits at 2,430m, which is still relatively low.
This means that altitude sickness on the Inca Jungle trail is rare and nowhere near as prevalent on some of the other trails in this region where trekkers spend good portions of time hiking over 4,000m passes.
You are in fact at greater risk of succumbing to altitude sickness symptoms before you start the trek. Most visitors to Machu Picchu fly into Cusco which is situated at high altitude, over 3,400m. Experiencing mild altitude sickness, like a headache or nausea, is common for many visitors to Cusco.
It is important that you spend a few days acclimatising at this altitude before going any higher.
Another good option, if you have the time, is to immediately descend from Cusco into the Sacred Valley, which is a good 1,000m lower, and rest here for a few days before returning to Cusco to join your Inca Jungle trek.
Either way, acclimatising for a few days in Cusco or in the Sacred Valley before you begin your trek is a worthwhile investment.
We have written a detailed guide on acclimatisation and altitude sickness which we recommend you take a moment to read.
Inca Jungle Trek Packing List
The packing list for an Inca Jungle trek is very similar to that of a Classic Inca Trail trek. We have written a very detailed guide on the required gear for an Inca trail trek and we suggest you use this as a template for the Inca Jungle trail.
The key difference on the Inca Jungle trek is that you will not be camping, and hence you won’t need a sleeping bag or thermal mat as blankets will be provided at the hostels in Santa Maria and Santa Theresa.
Click here for our Packing List.
Training, Fitness and Preparation
Inca Jungle Trek is a diverse adventure with many different activities - trekking, cycling, white-water rafting and zip lining. The trek is definetlu better suited for the young at heart adventure seeker.
To help you prepare for the trek we recommend you check out our trek training programme.
Over last few years the number of trekking companies offering the Inca Jungle trek has increased significantly.
Some operators have great offers, use fantastic cycling equipment and provide a brilliant service. However, as the route is not regulated there are a few sharks in the market who offer cheap tours that definitely cut corners (hopefully not ones on Abra Malaga Pass!).
Prices for the Inca Jungle trek range from US$250pp with the cheapest operators to US$700pp from the best operators – the former usually includes transport throughout the trek, hostels on the trek and a night in a hotel in Aguas Calientes, cycling equipment, Machu Picchu entrance ticket and train journey back to Cusco; but excludes additional activities like river rafting, zip-lining, climbing Huayna Picchu (these activities would be included with the best operators along with much better equipment, service, hostels / hotels and guiding in general).
Alternatively it is possible to get an all-inclusive tour. Prices for an all inclusive tour range from US$1,000-US$1,500 and would include two nights in a hotel in Cusco to acclimatise, airport transfers, all the features of the best tours set out above and a further night in Cusco after the trek.
Insurance for your trek to Machu Picchu is a must. Most operators will require you to carry sufficient travel insurance for your trek.
As most trails to Machu Picchu go over high 4,000m passes, you will need to make sure your insurance covers you for high altitude hiking (up to 6,000m). We have reviewed a number of travel insurance providers. The most affordable and best by far is World Nomads.
Use the Calculator below to get a travel insurance quote for your trek.
We hope you have found this article on the Inca Jungle trail useful. If you still have any questions or would like to provide some feedback, please leave a comment below. We would love to hear from you and will usually respond within 24 hours.
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References: (1) Trailblazer Guides, (4) Personal experience, (3) Depth interviews with local guides